Characteristics of linen clothing fabrics

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Flax is an important raw material for clothing fabrics in the hemp textile industry. Its fibers are strong, soft and have good color. Flax fiber is strong, not easy to rot in water, and has waterproof effect. In addition, it has unique advantages such as friction resistance, high temperature resistance, fast heat dissipation, low dust absorption rate, not easy to tear, not easy to burn, no static electricity, and high acid and alkali resistance. , is the preferred textile raw material for the pursuit of green and environmental protection, and is known as the “Queen” of natural fibers.

It is recorded in various ancient herbal medicine codes. Flax is warm in nature and non-toxic, activates blood circulation and moisturizes dryness, dispels wind and detoxifies, benefits the liver and kidneys, and protects the skin. Especially when used in skin treatment, the effect is very good. According to the traditional view of motherland’s medicine, Chinese textile experts believe that flax is the cortex fiber of plants. Its function is similar to that of human skin, and it has natural properties such as protecting the human body and regulating temperature. Linen clothing can reduce human body sweating compared to other clothing materials. It absorbs water several times faster than satin, rayon fabrics, and even cotton. When it comes in contact with the skin, it forms a capillary phenomenon and is an extension of the skin. The natural air permeability, hygroscopicity, freshness and moisture dissipation of flax make it a free-breathing textile. It can reduce the comfortable temperature of the human body by 4-8℃ at normal temperature. It is called “natural air conditioner”.

my country’s fibrous flax was introduced from Japan in 1906. In 1985, the cultivation area reached 65,000 hectares, and the total fiber output reached 71,000 tons, mainly distributed in Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces. The linen textile industry is mainly concentrated in the Jiangnan region. As a kind of raw material health-care textile, linen textiles have attracted more and more attention. In order to develop, research and confirm the health-care functions of linen textiles more scientifically and realistically, people have done a lot of experiments and identification work to verify and verify. The relevant information about linen is now introduced as follows:

  1. Hygiene: Director Zhvikin of the Russian Flax Bast Research Institute believes that for the human body (especially for patients with skin diseases), no fabric can be as good as linen fabric.
  2. Comfort: Davis in the United States used electroencephalography to record the movement of the eyes and the humidity, body and skin temperature between the mats on sleep. The investigation showed that compared with cotton sheets, using linen mats makes people feel more comfortable. Fall asleep easily, sleep well, and feel happy when you wake up.
  3. Coolness: Russian research institutions have conducted seven years of experiments in Central Asia, proving that the surface temperature of wearing linen clothing is 2 to 2.5 degrees Celsius lower than that of wearing cotton and silk clothing, and the temperature between the skin and clothing is lower than wearing linen clothing. Other fabrics are 3 to 4 degrees Celsius cooler, and the suction power of linen fabric to the skin is only 70% of that of cotton fabric.
  4. Antibacterial properties: The results of testing the survival of bacteria on three mats at different times by the Health Microbiology Teaching and Research Section of the School of Public Health of Shanghai Medical University using the contact method showed that compared with bamboo mats and straw mats, linen mats have significant antibacterial properties. The antibacterial rate against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Candida albicans and other international standard bacteria is over 65%, and the antibacterial rate against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus is over 90%.

Nowadays, linen products are high-end products, a symbol of fashion and status, and are favored by consumers for their natural, green and environmentally friendly properties. With the improvement of people’s living standards in our country, people are increasingly partial to the unique concept brought by flax. With more consumers choosing linen clothing, the maintenance of linen clothing has naturally become a concern. What are its cleaning properties?

Linen clothing is similar to cotton clothing in all aspects. You can choose to wash or dry clean it. However, it may shrink significantly during the first wash and is difficult to recover. Therefore, it is necessary to fully understand whether the garments of hemp fiber fabrics being washed have been pre-shrunk. Otherwise, they cannot be washed and must be dry cleaned.

Washing is of course the best way to wash linen clothing. Just like washing cotton clothing, as long as you use weak alkaline detergent and low temperature washing, stains on the clothing can be effectively removed. However, washed linen clothing has many wrinkles and poor effect, and needs to be ironed with water before wearing. For consumers who have no ironing experience, it is recommended to send linen clothing to a laundry for washing.

For dry cleaning, linen garments that have not been preshrunk can be washed conventionally with tetrachlorethylene and petroleum solvents, which can effectively prevent garment deformation.